Children & the Bible

The concept of “child” in the Bible is multi-layered. Teaching about the child is both explicit and implicit and the “child” is often used as metaphors for other relationships. Children are referred to as needing teaching and guidance, but also as offering ministry and as being examples of discipleship. It is easy for our minds to concentrate on a few well known verses or passages, or for our preconceptions to blind us from a wider understanding of what the Bible says about children. A very brief summary of some of the more well known passages would include;

Children; given by God, a blessing, a joy & a privilege! 

God created man in his own image, in the image of God he created him; male and female he created them. God blessed them and said to them, "Be fruitful and increase in number; God saw all that he had made, and it was very good. 
Genesis 1:27-31 

Blessed are all who fear the LORD, who walk in his ways. You will eat the fruit of your labour; blessings and prosperity will be yours. Your wife will be like a fruitful vine within your house; your sons will be like olive shoots around your table. Thus is the man blessed who fears the Lord. 
Psalm 128:1-4 

May the LORD give you children ... 
1 Samuel 2:20 

Jacob said … They are the children God has graciously given your servant. 
Genesis 33:5 

Joseph said … They are the sons God has given me here, 
Genesis 48:9 

Sons are a heritage from the LORD, children a reward from him. Like arrows in the hands of a warrior are sons born in one's youth. Blessed is the man whose quiver is full of them. They will not be put to shame when they contend with their enemies in the gate. 

Psalm 127:3-5 

Solomon says… Children's children are a crown to the aged and parents are the pride of their children. 
Proverbs 17:6 

Children; our responsibilities to them 

Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one. Love the LORD your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your strength. These commandments that I give you today are to be upon your hearts. Impress them on your children. Talk about them when you sit at home and when you walk along the road, when you lie down and when you get up. Tie them as symbols on your hands and bind them on your foreheads. Write them on the door-frames of your houses and on your gates. 
Deuteronomy 6:4-9 

O my people, hear my teaching; listen to the words of my mouth. I will open my mouth in parables, I will utter hidden things, things from of old- what we have heard and known, what our fathers have told us. We will not hide them from their children; we will tell the next generation the praiseworthy deeds of the Lord, his power, and the wonders he has done. He decreed statutes for Jacob and established the law in Israel, which he commanded our forefathers to teach their children, so the next generation would know them, even the children yet to be born, and they in turn would tell their children. Then they would put their trust in God and would not forget his deeds but would keep his commands. 
Psalm 78:1-6 

Children; a symbol of humility, discipleship & greatness 

At that time the disciples came to Jesus and asked, "Who is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven?" He called a little child and had him stand among them. And he said: "I tell you the truth, unless you change and become like little children, you will never enter the kingdom of heaven. Therefore, whoever humbles himself like this child is the greatest in the kingdom of heaven. "And whoever welcomes a little child like this in my name welcomes me. 
Mathew 18:1-5 

They came to Capernaum. When he was in the house, he asked them, "What were you arguing about on the road?" But they kept quiet because on the way they had argued about who was the greatest. Sitting down, Jesus called the Twelve and said, "If anyone wants to be first, he must be the very last, and the servant of all." He took a little child and had him stand among them. Taking him in his arms, he said to them, "Whoever welcomes one of these little children in my name welcomes me; and whoever welcomes me does not welcome me but the one who sent me." 
Mark 9:33-37 

An argument started among the disciples as to which of them would be the greatest. Jesus, knowing their thoughts, took a little child and had him stand beside him. Then he said to them, "Whoever welcomes this little child in my name welcomes me; and whoever welcomes me welcomes the one who sent me. For he who is least among you all—he is the greatest." 
Luke 9:46-48 

Children; to be blessed 

Then little children were brought to Jesus for him to place his hands on them and pray for them. But the disciples rebuked those who brought them. Jesus said, "Let the little children come to me, and do not hinder them, for the kingdom of heaven belongs to such as these." When he had placed his hands on them, he went on from there. 
Matthew 19:13-15 

People were bringing little children to Jesus to have him touch them, but the disciples rebuked them. When Jesus saw this, he was indignant. He said to them, "Let the little children come to me, and do not hinder them, for the kingdom of God belongs to such as these. I tell you the truth, anyone who will not receive the kingdom of God like a little child will never enter it." And he took the children in his arms, put his hands on them and blessed them. 
Mark 10:13-16 

Children; owners of the kingdom 

People were also bringing babies to Jesus to have him touch them. When the disciples saw this, they rebuked them. But Jesus called the children to him and said, "Let the little children come to me, and do not hinder them, for the kingdom of God belongs to such as these. I tell you the truth, anyone who will not receive the kingdom of God like a little child will never enter it." 
Luke 18:15-17 

Children; warnings 

But if anyone causes one of these little ones who believe in me to sin, it would be better for him to have a large millstone hung around his neck and to be drowned in the depths of the sea. 
Luke 18:6 

Understanding what Jesus says about children is to understand what it means to be a true disciple of Jesus. There are many more references to children in the Bible. Marcia Bunge, in her helpful discussions on children in the Bible, Summarises scriptural themes on children in the following way:

  • Gifts of God, a privilege and a source of joy

  • Sinful creatures, moral agents

  • Developing beings in need of guidance and instruction

  • Complete humans made in the image of God

  • Models of faith, sources of revelation, and representatives of Jesus

  • Those in need of justice and compassion


It is important to have a complete and balanced view of the “child” and not to over-romanticise or to demonise children.